Privacy Policy


This Privacy Policy is designed to help you understand what information we collect, why we collect it, and how you can update, manage, export, and delete your information.

By using the services provided by this site, you mean that you rely on our handling of your information. We understand that this responsibility is at stake, so we're committed to protecting your information and giving you control.


When a visitor leaves a comment, we collect the data displayed in the comment form, as well as the visitor's IP address and the browser's user agent string to help check for comment spam.

An anonymized string (also known as a hash) generated by your email address may be provided to the Gravatar service to confirm your use of the service. The privacy policy of the Gravatar service is here: Once your comment is approved, your profile picture will be publicly displayed next to your comment.


If you upload images to this website, you should avoid uploading images that have embedded geolocation information (EXIF GPS). Visitors to this website will be able to download and extract location information from images of this website.


If you leave a comment on our site, you may choose to save your name, email address and website address with cookies. This is for your convenience by allowing you to avoid having to fill in the relevant content again when commenting. These cookies are kept for one year.

If you visit our login page, we set a temporary cookie to confirm that your browser accepts cookies. This cookie does not contain personal data and is discarded when you close your browser.

When you log in, we also set a number of cookies to save your login information and screen display options. Login cookies are kept for two days, while on-screen display cookies are retained for one year. If you select "Remember me", your login status will remain for two weeks. If you log out of your account, the cookies used to log in will be removed.

If you edit or publish an article, we will save an additional cookie in your browser. This cookie does not contain personal data and only records the ID of the article you just edited. This cookie is kept for one day.

Embedded content from other websites

Articles on this site may contain embedded content (such as videos, pictures, articles, and so on). Embedded content from other sites behaves no differently than if you visit those other sites directly.

These sites may collect data about you, use cookies, embed additional third-party trackers, and monitor your interactions with these embedded content, including tracking your interactions with embedded content when you have an account with these sites and are logged into those sites.

Who we share your information with

Google: We use Google reCAPTCHA to protect our website and obtain the necessary funds through Google AdSense to keep the website up and running, and Google's privacy policy is as follows: Privacy Policy – Privacy Policy – Privacy and Terms – Google

Third-party service providers that may obtain your information

Your email service provider: If you request to reset your password, your IP address will be included in the password reset email, and your email service provider may receive the content of your email.

CDN service provider: We accelerate and protect the site through CDN, CDN service providers may be able to obtain some information in the process of data transmission, and the CDN currently used on this site are internationally renowned large-scale CDN service providers

How long we keep your information

If you leave a comment, the comment and its metadata will be saved indefinitely. We do this so that we can identify and automatically approve any follow-up comments without putting them in the pending queue.

For registered users of this website, we also store the personal information provided by the user in their personal data. All users can view, edit, or delete their personal information at any time (except for not being able to change their username), and site administrators can view and edit that information.

What rights you have with respect to your information

If you have an account with this site, or have left a comment, you can ask us to erase all personal data about you. This does not include data that we must retain for administrative, regulatory or security purposes and that cannot be erased for technical reasons.

Where we send your information

Your visitor comments may be checked by automated comment spam monitoring services.

Some of your behavior will be sent to Google reCAPTCHA for security verification